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18 November 2016

Compiling Nginx dynamically loadable modules

by Alpha01

I’ve compiled plenty of dynamic loadable modules for Apache, but never for Nginx up until now. I must say compiling modules for Apache is a much easier process compared to Nginx.

I use Nginx as a SSL reverse proxy/terminator. I wanted to be able to remove certain http headers at the Nginx level rather than on my Apache backend. The way to achieve this is using a module called headers more, which is not part of core Nginx.

My Setup

I’m using the nginx package installed via by the epel repository for CentOS 6.x. So compiling the module was a bit tricky initially.

Compilation Process

1). Download the source code for the module, from

2). You need to find out the running version of Nginx:

$ nginx -v
nginx version: nginx/1.10.1

3). Download and extract the source code for that version of Nginx:

wget ''

4). Compilation: On my first initial compilation, I mistakenly compiled the module using the following:

./configure --prefix=/opt/nginx \

Even though the module compiled successfully, when trying to load the module, it gave me the following error:

nginx -t
nginx: [emerg] module "/usr/lib64/nginx/modules/" is not binary compatible in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:9
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

It turns out the module has to be compiled using the same ./configure flags as my running version of Nginx, in addition to the --add-dynamic-module=/opt/headers-more-nginx-module/headers-more-nginx-module-0.32 flag. Luckily, this can easily been obtained by running the following:

nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.10.1
built by gcc 4.4.7 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-17) (GCC)
built with OpenSSL 1.0.1e-fips 11 Feb 2013
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --prefix=/usr/share/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib64/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/tmp/client_body --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/tmp/proxy --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/tmp/fastcgi --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/tmp/uwsgi --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/tmp/scgi --pid-path=/var/run/ --lock-path=/var/lock/subsys/nginx --user=nginx --group=nginx --with-file-aio --with-ipv6 --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_v2_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_addition_module --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic --with-http_sub_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-http_degradation_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_perl_module=dynamic --with-mail=dynamic --with-mail_ssl_module --with-pcre --with-pcre-jit --with-stream=dynamic --with-stream_ssl_module --with-debug --with-cc-opt='-O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -m64 -mtune=generic' --with-ld-opt=' -Wl,-E'

This is the tricky and annoying part. Since, the epel repo packaged binary of nginx was compiled with support of additional modules, the identical manual compilation that I was trying to do required some dependencies to be installed. In my case I just had to installed the following dependencies:

yum install libxslt-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed GeoIP-devel

After compilation completes. Then it’s just a matter of adding the module to the nginx.conf config. In my case, I manually copied over the compiled module to /usr/lib64/nginx/modules, so my config looks like this:

load_module "/usr/lib64/nginx/modules/";

It is worth mentioning that Nginx is very picky on the order in which its configuration is set. For example. load_module option has be set before the events configuration block like this:

load_module "/usr/lib64/nginx/modules/";

events {
    worker_connections  1024;

Otherwise, you’ll get the following error when trying to load the module.

nginx -t
nginx: [emerg] "load_module" directive is specified too late in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:14
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed


One really important thing to keep in mind, is that you’ll need to recompile the module each time Nginx gets updated!

Tags: [ centos nginx ]